Artichoke

The artichoke is a constant, very similar plant to a burdock that probably originates from the Mediterranean area.  It is famous for a large flower with allocated juicy central part, which is in gastronomy very much appreciated and loved typical Mediterranean vegetables.
In addition receptacle that is used in cooking, artichokes are extremely estimate in leaves, and its root.

When we talk about the composition of artichoke leaves in the first place, they stand out bitter substances, specific to this type. Main ingredients are cinaropicrin and aromatic acids such as cinarina and flavonoids, which artichoke is often used in traditional medicine.
Traditional medicine use arthicoke to stimulate liver function, respectively, for the creation and secretion of bile, necessary for digestion of fats that we are eating.
In addition, traditional medicine says, as preparations made from the artichoke can affect the levels of fats and cholesterol in the blood.

Artichoke and cholesterol

Italian scientists in 2013. year published a study in the journal ” International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, in which they studied the influence of the input of artichoke leaf extract  on cholesterol and other fats in blood. The study involved 92 overweight  participants with a diagnosis of mild hypercholesterolemia, who were divided into 2 groups. One group for 8 weeks have taken arthicoke supplement  in the daily amount of 250 mg and the second group a placebo. The results showed that participants who have taken  arthicoke have  decreased in total cholesterol and LDL or “bad” cholesterol, while the “good” HDL cholesterol have increased.

How does artichoke leaf extract acts on cholesterol is not completely known, however, studies on laboratory animals published in the journal of Pharmacology And Experimental Therapeutics, showed how artichoke can reduce the production of cholesterol in the liver.

Help with poor digestion

From time to time, sometimes we all have difficult digestion. Dyspepsia ismanifested by discomfort and pain in the stomach,flatulence, fast food saturation. Modern science has tried to study whether the ingestion of the artichoke leaf extract has meaning in people who suffer from dyspepsia, and have come to positive discoveries. Namely, people who enter 640 mg of plant extract per day, have a significant improvement in symptoms compared to the people who were given a placebo. Due to the reduction of disease symptoms the quality of life has been improved, which is the most important thing.

Mirja Jošić, dipl.ing. nutricionist
Vitaminoteka

Literatura

  • Rondanelli M, Giacosa A, Opizzi A, Faliva MA, Sala P, Perna S, Riva A, Morazzoni P, Bombardelli E. Beneficial effects of artichoke leaf extract supplementation on increasing HDL-cholesterol in subjects with primary mild hypercholesterolaemia: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2013 Feb;64(1):7-15.
  • Gebhardt, R., Inhibition of Cholesterol Biosynthesis in Primary Cultured Rat Hepatocytes by Artichoke (Cynara scolymus L.) Extracts. JPET 1998 vol. 286(3): 1122-1128.
  • G. Holtmann, B. Adam, S. Haag, W. Collet, E. Grünewald, T. Windeck. Efficacy of artichoke leaf extract in the treatment of patients with functional dyspepsia: a six-week placebo-controlled, double-blind, multicentre trial. Aliment Pharmacol & Ther 2003. 18 (11-12): 1099-1105.
  • Verhoeven V, Lopez Hartmann M, Remmen R, Wens J, Apers S, Van Royen P. Red yeast rice lowers cholesterol in physicians – a double blind, placebo controlled randomized trial. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2013 18;13:178.
  • Li Y, Jiang L, Jia Z, Xin W, Yang S, Yang Q, Wang L. A meta-analysis of red yeast rice: an effective and relatively safe alternative approach for dyslipidemia. PLoS One. 2014 ;9(6):e98611.